Week 14

Part A

Some of the policies put forth to close the gap in gender equality have been a good start. One organization has focused their efforts no closing the gap– the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations General Assembly. In 1948, their initial policy in 1948 was more of a general statement– but now, the idea of promoting an ethical stance for the idea that human rights is a “legitimate concern for all cultures”.

Also, The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1979 aka the “Bill of Rights for Women”

the goals are quite simple, they essentially strive for:

  • abolishing sex-discriminating laws
  • establishing public institutions to prevent anti-women laws

Although a treaty like this exists, the gap is still prevalent. In the work force, and also in the US– despite what people may think of the US having an “equal system”

There’s a long way to go, but with more and more places adopting the UN treaty, there can be a movement toward equal working opportunities

Part B

After reading Women, Work, and the Economy– the article specifically pointed out the ways that women can affect the economy in a positive way:

  • There’s evidence that when women are able to develop their full labor market
    potential, there can be significant macroeconomic gains.
  • There are better opportunities for women to earn and control income could contribute to
    broader economic development in developing economies, example) through higher levels of school enrollment for girls.
  • Having equal access to inputs would raise the productivity of female-owned companies.
  • The employment of women on an equal basis would allow companies to make better use of the available talent pool, with potential growth implications.

Perhaps the most challenging thing for women is their inability to break the gender stereotype. This causes them to fall a few steps behind rather than being viewed as members of society who can be valued members of the workforce. The idea of women only serving as household figures is detrimental to any progress in the job market– the male mindset must change in order to create sustainable gender equality.

The video above is about the women of Chad, and how the local business has had a positive effect in their community. Ive come to notice that women are more likely to invest their earnings back into the community which helps in generating economy. So, to me it’s a shame when women are not at the forefront of their community’s economy– it’s the best way to get women involved in the workforce so they can pay it forward to their respective villages, communities, towns, etc.

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