Week 6: Senegal and Mali

According to their website, the Consolidated Appeals process (known as CAP) is “a programme cycle for aid organisations to plan, coordinate, fund, implement, and monitor their response to disasters and emergencies, in consultation with governments.”

Source: Reliefweb.int

The UN Overview of Global Humanitarian Action at Mid-Year handbook indicates the following:

2013: There was an expansion of “CAP” in Mali, due to political tension between natives, international people, and rebel forces

2013: Many children under 5 who were at risk of hunger along with almost 130,000 Senegalese people were helped through humanitarian efforts during the time they were enduring hunger. Senegal is considered a non-CAP country, but this crisis called for funding.

GNI

According to INVESTOPEDIA,:

DEFINITION OF ‘GROSS NATIONAL INCOME (GNI)’

The sum of a nation’s gross domestic product (GDP) plus net income received from overseas. Gross national income (GNI) is defined as the sum of value added by all producers who are residents in a nation, plus any product taxes (minus subsidies) not included in output, plus income received from abroad such as employee compensation and property income. GNI measures income received by a country both domestically and from overseas. In this respect, GNI is quite similar to Gross National Product (GNP), which measures output from the citizens and companies of a particular nation, regardless of whether they are located within its boundaries or overseas.

According to the World Bank, the GNI of:

Mali: $23,584,594,402.

Senegal: $31,289,425,706.

Source: Kingthinkstudio.com

OXFAM

When Oxfam calls for developed countries to meet financial commitments of 0.7% of GNI as ODA:

  • Oxfam is asking developed nations to donate 0.7% of their GNI to third world countries. This will give those countries the ability to improve the economic status in their country.

According to the World Bank:

Mali received $1,001,300,000 in ODA “Official Developmental Assistance” in 2012

and Senegal received $1,080,180,000

Source: USAID

US AID

Mali was funded $127.2 million in foreign aid from agencies including the DOS, USAID, MCC, the Treasury, DoD, the Peace Corps, USADF, USDA, IAF, and HHS.

Benefits went to:

  • humanitarian efforts
  • economy
  • health aid

Senegal was funded $227.6 million in foreign aid, Majority was given by US Aid, and the rest by MCC.

Benefits went to:

  • Economy
  • health development

Policy Coherence for Development (PCD)

The Policy Coherence for Development is related to MDGS because it’s a way to include different facors such as economy, environment, government, social issues to help develop a sustainable country. They use analytical methods to determine what’s right and wrong for countries, as well as protecting political engagements, by ensuring ODA is being carried out. The PCD works to improve countries that donate and countries who receive donations.

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