Week 6: Foreign Aid and Oxfam’s Post Development Goals

The Consolidated Appeals Process is a program cycle for aid organizations to plan, coordinate, fund, implement, and monitor their response to disasters and emergencies, in consultation with governments.

The CAP contributes significantly to:

  • developing a strategic approach to humanitarian action
  • fosters close cooperation between host governments, donors, aid agencies, and NGOS
  • particular NGOS that are important include, the Red Cross Movement, IOM and UN agencies
  • producing a Common Humanitarian Action Plan and an appeals fund by working together in world crisis regions

There has been CHAP in Lesotho that occurred in 2012 for a Flash Appeal and in 2007 for the Lesotho Drought Flash Appeal. There has been CHAP in Zambia in 2007 for a Flash Flood Appeal.

The Gross National Income is the sum of a nation’s gross domestic product plus the net income received from overseas. The GNI per capita of Lesotho is $1,500 as of 2013. The GNI of Zambia is $1,810 in 2013.


The best known target in international aid proposes to raise official development assistance (ODA) to 0.7% of donors’ national income.


In 1970, The 0.7% ODA/GNI target was first agreed and has been repeatedly re-endorsed at the highest level at international aid and development conferences:

  • in 2005, the 15 countries that were members of the European Union by 2004 agreed to reach the target by 2015
  • the 0.7% target served as a reference for 2005 political commitments to increase ODA from the EU, the G8 Gleneagles Summit and the UN World Summit

Net official development assistance to Zambia in 2009 totaled approximately USD 1.3 billion. Since 2005, net ODA has averaged 12% of GNI.

Over the past 51 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between $2,030,670,000 in 1995 and $910,000 in 1961.

The latest value for Net official development assistance and official aid received (current US$) in Lesotho was $264,580,000 as of 2011. Over the past 51 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between $264,580,000 in 2011 and $1,560,000 in 1960.

The US spent $30.55 billion on official development assistance in 2012.

Zambia has been requested $395,373,000 in foreign aid from the United States in 2015 and $33,788,000 in foreign aid been requested for Lesotho in 2015.

Zambia is the only country in southern Africa that has twice achieved a peaceful and democratic transfer of power to an opposition party since independence. While labeled by the World Bank as a lower-middle income country, and despite holding mineral wealth, Zambia ranks poorly on the Human Development Index, with child malnutrition and rural poverty levels among the highest in the world. U.S. assistance to Zambia targets poverty reduction, improved health and education, and good governance. The United States promotes agriculture-led economic growth and food security; seeks alternatives to livelihoods based on deforestation; expands and improves the quality of health and education opportunities; fights HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria; and builds Zambian capacity to promote regional peace, security, and stability.

Lesotho continues to focus on becoming a stable, prosperous, and healthy nation. The U.S. Missions objective is to assist Lesotho in realizing private sector-led economic growth, achieving the “tipping point” in its HIV epidemic, and ensuring that strong and effective institutions underpin Lesotho’s maturing democracy. Lesotho’s greatest challenges include a severe HIV/AIDS epidemic, widespread poverty, high unemployment, and chronic food insecurity.


The concept of policy coherence for development (PCD) aims to exploit positive synergies and spillovers across public policies to foster development. A meaningful working definition of PCD goes well beyond minimizing the adverse impact that public policies can have in developing countries; it entails the systematic application of mutually reinforcing policies and integration of development concerns across government departments to achieve development goals along with national policy objectives.


The connection between the PCD and the MDGs would be to reinforce the actions made in order to make our world a better place. The MDGs are an outline for the actions that are needed in order to improve the status of a developing country and the PCD is in place to make sure the policies are achieved in order to reach the development goals.


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