Foreign Aid in Mali and Senegal

Rebellion in northern Mali.

The Consolidated Appeals Process is a process that aid organizations follow to plan, pay for, carry out, and keep track of their response to emergency situations. The CAP involves the combination of governments, donors, aid organizations, the Red Cross, and the UN working together to act as humanitarians in countries that need assistance.

In 2013, there was an expanded CAP in Mali, mainly the northern region. This was because of a lot of fighting between different forces including rebels, internationals, and native Malians.
Senegal has been listed as a non-CAP country. However, in 2013, humanitarians from other countries supported over 128,000 hungry Senegalese people and also supported many young children under 5 who are considered at risk.

Children suffering from hunger in Senegal.

GNI stands for Gross National Income. This is calculated by adding a nation’s gross domestic product (GDP) and net income from foreign countries, along with adding product taxes to that total and subtracting subsidies. Currently, Mali’s GNI is $23,584,594,402. Senegal’s current GNI is $31,289,425,706.

ODA stands for official development assistance. This is when the Development Cooperation Directorate (DAC) measures the flow of resources to third world countries that are provided by state and local governments and are given to improve the economy and welfare of the countries as the purpose.
When Oxfam calls for developed countries to meet financial commitments of 0.7% of GNI as ODA, it means that Oxfam wants all developed countries to donate 0.7% of their GNI to third world countries to ensure that everyone has the potential to improve their economies. Mali received $1,001,300,000 in ODA as of 2012. There was in increase in ODA from 2010 to 2011, but the total decreased again in 2012. As of 2012, Senegal received $1,080,180,000 in ODA. This has actually increased since both 2010 and 2011.

A map of United States assistance all over the world.

We give foreign aid because of national security, economic interests, and simply because it’s the right thing to do. In a poll given to Americans, 81% believed that developed countries have a moral responsibility to help the causes of hunger and poverty in developing countries. In 2012, the United States spent $30.55 billion on ODA. This is actually equal to less than a penny on the dollar and less than 1% of our federal budget.

In 2014, Mali received $127.2 million in foreign aid from agencies including the DOS, USAID, MCC, the Treasury, DoD, the Peace Corps, USADF, USDA, IAF, and HHS. A strong majority of the money went towards health, humanitarian assistance, and economic development. Mali has begun rebuilding its government to make it more peaceful after rebellion in the north and building stronger relationships between the people of Mali and the new government.

In 2014, Senegal received $227.6 million in foreign aid, 60.99% of which was from USAID and 33.79% was from the MCC. The majority of the money ($161.2 million) was spent for the purpose of economic development, while health and program development were also areas that were supported more strongly than other areas. In 2015, the United States will donate foreign aid to support improvements in health services, access to education, increase agricultural productivity and in turn the economy, build a more democratic government, and strengthen the Senegalese military.


The Policy Coherence for Development is connected to the Millennium Developmental Goals because the PCD is a way to integrate different angles for development (including economic, social, environmental, and governmental) and make the development for sustainable. Its framework includes analyzing methods to make decision making more effective and make sure political commitments, like ODA, are being practiced. The MDGs are all about decision making by the government and deciding how the aid being given can be put to the most effective use and make actual change in the economies and everyday lives of the people in developing countries. The PCD works to improve conversations between the people of third world countries and donor countries.

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