One example of a cheetah in Senegal is Sister Fa. Sister Fa is an activist as well as a rapper and singer. She has won awards for her music, but also is a strong advocate against the issue of female genital cutting, as she was a victim of this practice when she was a child. Sister Fa set up a campaign called Education Sans Excision to get people to stop performing this practice and uses her music as a way to get her message across. She also speaks to children at schools to educate them. There was also a documentary titled Sarabah made about her, which was a critical success.
An example of a cheetah in Mali is Abdel Kader Haidara. The German Africa Foundation awarded him the Africa Prize when he saved about 500,000 manuscripts from being destroyed by Islamists. The manuscripts were as old as the 11th and 12th centuries and were written records of meetings of Arab and Muslim scholars. He transported the manuscripts to Bamako by hiding them in metal boxes and covering the boxes with other items.
A major issue and cause of poverty in SSA countries is disease. HIV/AIDs, malaria, and most recently ebola cause entire villages to get sick and in turn the sick people aren’t able to contribute to society. There are also major mortality rates as there isn’t proper healthcare in Africa. Proper healthcare needs to be established in Africa so that people have the chance to be cured and the countries can have a higher life expectancy.
Another obstacle in raising countries out of poverty is poor geography. In The End of Poverty, Jeffrey Sachs says that Africa is missing rivers that have an access to the ocean which makes transport and trade very difficult. There is also little irrigation in Africa so most crops in Africa are watered by the rain. There is also little access to fertilizers.
Senegal is a free country. The Senegalese government used to be very corrupt, but the election of President Macky Sall led to more investigation of the government. International observers also declared the recent elections in Senegal to be free and fair.
Mali has also become more democratic.
In 2013, Mali had presidential and parliamentary elections. However, Mali’s status is also partly free. Since the defeat of Islamist rebels in Mali, the political and human rights of Mali have improved dramatically.