More than 3 billion people on earth are considered to be living in poverty. The members of this class are farmers, factory workers, drivers, and domestics that pay for critical goods and services. The problems of poverty include hunger, AIDS, pneumonia, diarrhea, tuberculosis, malaria and measles.
The main message Jacqueline Novogratz speaks about is how we can and should help Africans make progress for themselves. She also mentions how the community of women comes together to sell nets in order to prevent contact with bugs that may lead to the malaria.
Novograts also mentions that we have to build business models that matter. These models must be scalable so the poor can fit into a category and do it themselves. The impoverished do not want handouts. By engaging with them, it increases the feeling of dignity among the poor, and with us as well. It is vital to become apart of the process.
According to the report to the UN Secretary-General, the vision of the MDGs starts with redirecting attention and efforts towards the reduction of poverty and the promotion of human development. By 2015, the MDGs are trying to produce results to reduce extreme poverty dealing with income, hunger, disease, exclusion, lack of infrastructure and shelter. The Millennium Development goals also include promoting gender equality, education, health, and environmental sustainability. The MDGs are about the UN coming together as a whole, and connecting globally with countries towards a positive outcome dealing with long-term global trends. The UN also states that the eight Millennium Development Goals form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions.
The effect of neoliberalism is not good. The outcomes in the past have shown that neoliberal policy is a terrible idea for developing countries. The combination of the neoliberal policies mixing with the MDGs could lead to very little progress among the developing countries.
In Own the Goals, John McArthur talks about the “Players on the Bench.” These players consist of the United States government and World Bank. The United States was hesitant to make a move in joining this cause. The United States supported the ideas of the of the Millennium Declaration, but did not want to commit fully to supporting this movement. However, because of the attention from other countries and the United States media, President Bush publicly announced supporting the MDGs. The World Bank was reluctant in joining the MDGs battle against poverty. Both the United States and World Bank missed opportunities to make a difference, but are now adjusting to these ideas in a positive way.
Providing more aid money is a tricky topic to cover. There is a disagreement among scholars dealing with this issue. If money is continuously provided for the poor, will they ever find their way out of this economic situation? Is providing monetary aid for the poverty allowing them to use this as a crutch? As McArthur discusses, countries most in need of aid are often those least able to use it well. That sets limits on the extent to which large infusions of foreign funds can make a difference. Aid has helped nations rebuild after conflicts and assisted in achieving specific objectives. But its role in creating and sustaining key institutions and long-term economic health has been much less clear.